I have only met one person, probably to impress in intellectual circles, who knows the full name of Pablo Picasso. You can try for yourself, his full name is: – Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso.
Picasso was a superstar and did not live in extreme poverty as the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh did. The slender artist enjoyed being commercial and could sit down to paint two lines on a service and spend a minute per plate and then sell them for $ 1,000 apiece.
Spanish Pablo Picasso is possibly the painter who has had the greatest influence on Western visual art and especially modern art. Picasso was through a “blue period” and a “pink period”. From 1901-1904 he mainly produced works in blue, cold colors.
When he moved to Paris in 1904, this period was slowly replaced by his “pink period”, where he painted far more cheerful works. Perhaps it was his period in Paris that encouraged him to paint warmer paintings. Picasso’s work Guernica, which he painted in 1937, is possibly his best known. See it here and read more about the work’s historical context.
Le Rêve — Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso’s work is truly sought-after; It is no surprise he is on most lists of pictures that have been sold expensively. Le Rêve (The Dream) was painted in 1932 and depicts Picasso’s mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter. The previous owner, casino magnate Steve Wynn, agreed to sell it to Steven A. Cohen in 2006 for $139 million USD; however, before the transaction could take place, Wynn accidently damaged the painting. The painting was eventually repaired, and Cohen was still interested. In 2013, Le Rêve finally became Cohen’s for the price of $155 million.
However, Pablo Picasso created a varied collection of works of art. His artistic career stretched over almost 80 years, with a wide range in both styles and use of media. It is estimated that his total production included over 20,000 works.
Already early in life, Picasso was considered a great artistic talent. His early works have a high technical quality, and Picasso later stated that his technical training was necessary for him to be able to move beyond the usual painting techniques in his later career. One of the strongest characteristics of Picasso’s art is his constant search for new ways of expressing himself.
Picasso’s talent allowed him to express himself in many different media. When he moved to Paris in 1904, his work had evolved from the clear realism of Spanish painting, through a period in which he was influenced by Impressionism, to the “blue period”. His melancholy mood at this time led him to mainly paint in blue colors, and often tired and lonely figures.
In 1905, Picasso’s color scheme began to brighten again. The choice of motif also became less depressing. The color choice becomes more orange and pink, and this period is called the “rose” period after the beige hue that he often used.
In 1907, Picasso saw a memorial exhibition of Paul Cezanne; Cezanne had been interested in showing the geometric shapes in nature. Inspired by Cezanne and African and Iberian art, Picasso developed Cubism with Braque. They now broke up the motifs into individual geometric shapes. This year Picasso painted “The Girls of Avignon” (Les Demoiselles d’Avignon), which is considered the first Cubist painting. In 1912 he made his first collage by gluing paper and a cloth on the canvas and combining them with the painted fields.
In the 50’s, Picasso again changed style, and began to study the art of the old masters. Among other things, he made a series of works based on Velázquez ‘painting Las Meninas. At this time he lived in Cannes, and in 1955 he helped make the film The Mystery of Picasso (directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot).
Although the names of the different periods in which his work is divided are debated, Picasso’s production can be divided into the following periods:
Early career (until 1901)
The Blue Period (1901–1904)
The Pink Period (1904–1905)
Cubism and Surrealism (1925–1936)
World War II (1939–1945)
Late Work (1945–1973)
Picasso painted the large mural “Guernica” shortly after German planes, by order of Spain’s future dictator Franco, bombed the Basque city of Gernika on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. Picasso did not paint an accurate account of the incident, but showed his deep despair over the incident by painting a dying horse, a mother with her dying child, a fallen soldier, a woman trapped in a burning building, etc. The picture shows the terror and suffering of war .
Through both the world wars and the Spanish Civil War, Picasso refused to fight for any side or country. He never commented on this himself, but encouraged the idea that it was because he was a pacifist. Several of his contemporaries (including Braque) felt that this neutrality had more to do with cowardice than principle.